Vilniaus universiteto Teisės fakulteto
Viešosios teisės katedros doktorantė
Saulėtekio al. 9, I rūmai, LT-10222 Vilnius
Tel. (+370 5) 2 36 61 75
El. paštas: Ilona.Petraityte@tf.stud.vu.lt
Part 1 of Article 22 of Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania claims that the private life of a human being shall be inviolable. One of ways to guarantee the respect for private life is to protect any information about a person and his personal life. For this purpose, the processing of personal data was started to regulate in the middle of last decade of last century. The first regulations were destined to information processing in the national computerized information systems, later some regulations were set for any automated processing of personal data. Information about particular person is collected and used by private, as well as public persons, which need information for different purposes and of different character and scope. Requirements applied to the mentioned persons cannot be the same, therefore, a dual legal regulation on personal data processing has formed, which consists of elements of dispositive character taken from civil law, as well as of elements of imperative character, which are typical of administrative law. Retaining connections with civil and administrative law, the legal regulation on personal data processing has gradually developed into a separate complex of legal rules and principles, which distinguishes from context of general legal regulation for its distinctive sphere and way of regulation, therefore, it is appreciated as a new structural element of Lithuanian legal system – as a complex legal institute.