Vilniaus universiteto Teisės fakulteto
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Mykolo Romerio universiteto Teisės fakulteto
Tarptautinės teisės katedros lektorė
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The article discusses the problems of determination and implementation of criminal responsibility for torture. The authors analyses the concept of torture in international law. The analysis is based on interpretation of provisions of the united Nations Convention against torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, European Convention of human rights and the practice of ad hoc tribunals which interprets and invokes article 1 of the Convention of the united Nations. the authors discuss whether there is an integral concept of torture in international law.
Taking into account the elements of concept of torture in international law the authors proceed with the determination of concept of torture in national law of lithuania. the analysis is mostly build on the interpretation of practice of the Supreme Court of Lithuania. It is submitted that the Court in its jurisprudence has not yet formulated a uniform concept of torture that would match the concept of torture in international law. As the authors find it necessary to define the concept of torture in Lithuanian criminal law they propose to perceive torture for the purposes of individual criminal liability as any act, by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person or which establish conditions for infliction of such pain or suffering. It does not include pain or suffering arising from, inherent in or incidental to lawful sanctions.
Furthermore the authors analyze whether the Criminal Code of lithuania criminalizes all the acts that can be included in the concept of torture. as the answer is negative, the authors formulate what can be possible amendments of the Code.