Vilniaus universiteto Teisės fakulteto
Valstybės ir teisės teorijos ir istorijos katedros doktorantė
Saulėtekio al. 9, I rūmai, LT-10222 Vilnius
Tel. (+370 5) 236 61 75
The forming and evolution of advocacy in Lithuania is analyzed in this article. Providing the prokuratoriaus i.e. the representative institute in the Lithuanian Statutes, developing of the legal profession begins. But the institute of the legal profession, as conformable education to a lawyer and such a qualification having professional, being engaged only in legal defence and other legal services were developing till the beginning of XX century. In the year of 1918–1940 Lithuanian advocacy work by the courts and had been made great education, experience and ethics demands of those who had in mind to be an advocate. The advocates were dependent both on the Courts and on the Prime Minister. It can be said that restored Lithuanian legislator in the year of 1994 to-ok that practice by granting the right to Prime Minister enter persons in a list of the advocates. During the period of Soviet Union – in the year of 1940–1991 – the advocacy was nationalized: the number of advocates was strongly regulated, but in formal there were not great demands of those, who wanted to become an advocate. In the period of restored sovereign state of Lithuania since 1991 the legislator almost every year is trying to improve the institution of advocacy. The consequence of that process – 3 laws of the advocacy, plenty of changes of such laws, many replenishments and abolishment and some legal incorrectness also insecure both for those who already are working as advocates and for those who have in mind to become an advocate.